demons


demons
Non-material beings. In the ancient world there was a common belief in spiritual beings, either good or bad, inhabiting the world, independently of any deity, and capable of influencing human beings. In the philosophy of the Greek Plato the ‘demons’ are guardian spirits who determine the fate of individuals, and are thus precursors of guardian angels. In late Judaism the demons are wholly bad; they exist as an army under a general (Satan) and they engage in battle with God and his angels. These demons were thought to invade human personalities and destroy the power of reason and health. They caused disasters: their proper place was in the abyss (Mark 5:13). Jesus, having vanquished Satan in the wilderness (Matt. 4:10), is known to be one who casts out demons (Luke 8:26–39). But whether this was by the power of the prince of demons (Matt. 9:34) or was a sign corroborating Satan's defeat (Luke 10:17) was debated. The genuineness of the healings does not seem to be disputable. Although in John there is reference to the Jewish charge that Jesus is possessed by a demon (John 8:48–9), there are no accounts of exorcisms in the fourth gospel, but successful exorcisms are reported in the early Church (Acts 19:11–16).
Returning missionaries sometimes describe what they take to be demon-possession as distinct from physical or mental disorder. Several bishops have appointed official exorcists in order to establish some control over modern fundamentalist [[➝ fundamentalism]] healers with convictions that the NT world-view is still directly applicable today.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Demons —     Demons     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Demons     (Greek daimon and daimonion, Lat. daemonium).     In Scripture and in Catholic theology this word has come to mean much the same as devil and denotes one of the evil spirits or fallen Angels.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Démons — Démon (esprit) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Démon. Figure de démon japonais Dans de très nombreuses cultures, des êtres surnaturels, doués de raison, bienfai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Démons 2 — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Démon. Démons 2 est un film italien réalisé par Lamberto Bava, sorti en 1986. Il s agit de la suite de Démons. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche tech …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Demons —    Monstrous servants of Morgoth.    Dread creatures that ranked among the most powerful of Morgoth s servants. The most feared of demons were the Balrogs, Maiar seduced to Melkor s service in the beginning of the world, but it seems the Dark… …   J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary

  • DEMONS —    EVIL SPIRITS who seek to harm humans …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • demons — de·mon || diːmÉ™n n. evil spirit; devil, fiend; mischievous person, troublemaker (especially a child) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Demons (TV series) — Demons Genre Supernatural drama Horror Created by Johnny Capps[1] Julian Murphy[1] Written by Peter Ta …   Wikipedia

  • Demons (Shannara) — Demons is a common name for many different creatures in the Shannara series of epic fantasy[1] novels by Terry Brooks. The true demons were sealed long ago within an alternate universe, named the Forbidding; this prison is maintained by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Demons (novel) — Demons (also known as The Devils or The Possessed) …   Wikipedia

  • Demons (band) — Demons Origin Stockholm, Sweden Genres Rock, garage rock, garage punk, garage rock revival, punk rock, hard rock, power pop Years active 1995 present …   Wikipedia